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Moodle - Resource vs. Activity

Resource: Moodle supports a range of different resource types that allow you to insert almost any kind of web content into your courses.

Book, Labels, Lightbox gallery, text page, web page, link to file or web site or directories.

  • Book: The Book module makes it easy to create multi-page resources with a book-like format. This module can be used to build complete book-like websites inside of your Moodle course. The book module allows you to have main chapters and sub chapters, but it goes no deeper. In other words, sub chapters cannot have their own sub chapters. This was an intentional decision by the creator of the book module. He intended this to be a simple resource for teachers and students. The book module is not interactive. You can, however, link to choices, forums etc., from within a book. And you can include multimedia objects like Flash movies in your book.
  • Label: A label is a way to add text to the content area of your course. Labels can be used to give a quick instruction or for telling users what to click on next.
  • Text Page: A Text page resource is a simple page written using plain text. Text pages aren't pretty, but they're a good place to put some information or instructions.
  • Web Site: A web page is a resource that has a link in the center column of a course home page for the student to use. It is like a single page document that has the HTML editor tool which the teacher uses to create content.
  • Link to File or Web Site: Although it's easy to generate content directly in Moodle, you can also upload any type of electronic file you like. All you need to do is make sure your students can access it with the appropriate software on their computers.
  • Directories: The Directory resource type can be used to display a whole directory (and its subdirectories) from your course files area. Students can then browse and view all those files.

Add an resource...

  • Log in to your Moodle site
  • Go to the desired course
  • Turn editing on


  • Go to topic/week where you would like the resource.
  • Select the Add a resource drop down menu.


  • Enter the resource settings and save them.

Activity: Moodle contains a wide range of activity modules that can be used to build up any type of course.

Advanced Forums, Assessments, Assignments, Attendance, Certificate, Flash Card Set, Forum, Games, Glossary, Hot Potatoes Quiz, Journal, Lesson, Map, Mindmap, Podcast, Protected Resource, Question Creation, Questionnaire, Quiz, SCORM/AICC, Survey, Wiki, Wimba, Workshop

  • Assessments:
  • Advanced Forums & Forums: A place where discussions can be held.
  • Assignments: Allow the teacher to specify a task that requires students to perepare digital content and submit it by uploading it to the server (essays, projects, reports).
  • Attendance:
  • Certificate: This module creates PDF certificates/diplomas for students of the course and is completely customizable. You can add borders, watermarks, seals and even show grade information.
  • Flash Card Set: In this kind of lesson, the student is shown pages (cards) in random order. Usually these are question pages. There is no set beginning and no set end. Just a series of cards shown one after another in no particular order.
  • Games: This module gets input from quiz, glossary or questions and plays some games. The games are: hangman, crossword, cryptex, millionaire, sudoku, "Snakes and Ladders", "Book with questions" and "The hidden picture"
  • Glossary: Allows participants to create and maintain a list of definitions, like a dictionary.
  • Hot Potatoes Quiz: These quizzes are created on the teacher's computer and then uploaded to the Moodle course. After students have attempted the quizzes, a number of reports are available which show how individual questions were answered and some statistical trends in the scores.
  • Journal: This module allows a teacher to ask students to reflect on a particular topic. The students can edit and refine their answer over time.
  • Lesson: Use this module to present information bit by bit as in a tutorial environment. Typically some information is provided then a question is asked, to which students respond. Based on the students answer choice, he can be sent back to review other information, go forward to another topic or branch to a related topic.
  • Map: This is a map activity module. It allows the creation of geographic maps to be used in courses. It can be used for student locations and/or other course content.
  • Mindmap: You get the possibility to add, create and share mindmaps within Moodle.
  • Podcast: Using moodle to distribute media
  • Protected Resource:
  • Question Creation: The Question Creation Activity is a graded activity where students must create questions in the Moodle question bank. A teacher grades the questions. The students get a grade for the questions they create.
  • Questionnaire: Use this to create surveys or polls using short answer, rating scales, multiple choice, yes/no, and other options.
  • Quiz: Design or import quizzes and tests that consist of multiple choice, true-false, and short answer (alpha or numeric) questions. Questions are kept in a database, and can be re-used within or among. Quizzes can allow multiple attempts, can be automatically graded with/or without user feedback for each question or at the end of the quiz.
  • SCORM/AICC: Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a collection of standards and specifications for web-based e-learning. It defines communications between client side content and a host system called the run-time environment (commonly a function of a learning management system). SCORM also defines how content may be packaged into a transferable ZIP file. SCORM is a specification of the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Initiative, which comes out of the Office of the United States Secretary of Defense.
  • Survey: The Survey activity module provides standard, verified survey instruments that have proven useful in evaluating what students are doing and thinking in your classes.
  • Wiki: A wiki is one or more web pages that anyone can add to or edit. Create a starting page for a wiki topic, then select it within the wiki activity to create a place for collective development of a definition, background information, or even brainstormed list of ideas or strategies to teach a particular topic, with all participants able to edit the page.
  • Wimba: Teachers (with editing privileges) and Administrators may add Live Classroom as an Activity Module to any Moodle Course homepage, provided the course is configured with the Topic, Weekly, or Social Format.
  • Workshop: Teacher can post a document to allow peer assessment but the teacher can also manage and grade the assessment. This flexible module supports a wide range of possible grading scales.

Add an activity...

  • Log in to your Moodle site
  • Go to the desired course
  • Turn editing on


  • Go to the topic/week where you would like the activity.
  • Select the Add an activity drop down menu.


  • Enter the activity settings and save them.


Need more help? Contact the Campus Technology Services Help Desk at 406.496.4244 or by email at CTShelpdesk@mtech.edu.